The Official Language Of Bangladesh: Bengali Or Bangla

A bookshelf filled with colorful books on Bengali literature surrounded by traditional Bangladeshi artwork.

Are you curious about the official language of Bangladesh? It’s Bengali, also known as Bangla, spoken by a staggering 234 million people in Southern Asia. This blog will unlock fascinating insights about this seventh most spoken language globally and its cultural significance in Bangladesh.

Ready to learn more about this intriguing tongue? Let’s dive right into it!

Key Takeaways

  • Bengali, also known as Bangla, is the official language of Bangladesh and is spoken by about 98% of the population.
  • Bangladesh is a linguistically diverse country with various languages spoken across its regions, including non-Indo-Aryan, Austroasiatic, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, and other languages.
  • Bengali has various dialects such as Rarh, Khulna, Sylheti, and Chittagonian that have unique features and pronunciation differences.
  • Language holds immense importance in Bangladeshi culture as it represents their history and heritage, fosters unity among different communities, and promotes education.

Languages of Bangladesh

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Bangladesh is a linguistically diverse country, with various languages spoken across its regions.

Indigenous languages in Bangladesh

Indo-Aryan languages

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Bengali is a top language in the Indo-Aryan group. It is part of the big family of Indo-European languages too. People in Bangladesh speak Bengali. Also, many people around the world speak this language.

In fact, about 234 million people are native Bengali speakers. The Indo-Aryan languages play a big role in Bangladesh’s culture and history.

Non-Indo-Aryan languages

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In Bangladesh, Chakma people use a different kind of speech. This language type is called non-Indo-Aryan. They call their speaking style ‘Chakma’. It’s not like Bengali, the official language of Bangladesh.

Another set of people in Bangladesh speak Daingnet. Like Chakma, this is also part of non-Indo-Aryan languages. Both languages live with Bengali in Bangladesh.

Austroasiatic languages

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In Bangladesh, people also speak Austroasiatic languages. These languages are not just found in Bangladesh. They spread to Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Burma and China as well.

Yet in Bangladesh, the official language is Bengali. Other tongues like Austroasiatic add more color to the country’s rich dialect blend.

Dravidian languages

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Dravidian languages have had an impact on Bengali, which is the national language of Bangladesh. Two Dravidian languages, Kurukh and Sauria Paharia, are spoken by indigenous communities in the western parts of Bangladesh.

This influence has led to linguistic diversity and variations in dialects throughout the country.

Tibeto-Burman languages

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The Tibeto-Burman languages are a group of languages spoken in Northeast India, Myanmar, and Bangladesh. One example is Bishnupriya Manipuri, which contains elements of the Tibeto-Burman languages.

These languages are classified under the Kuki-Chin-Naga group. Bengali serves as a connecting language between the Tibeto-Burman languages and other languages spoken in Bangladesh.

Other languages

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In addition to Bengali, the official language of Bangladesh, there are several other languages spoken in the country. These include Arabic, Persian, and Turkic languages. However, it’s important to note that these languages are not considered official languages of Bangladesh.

Bengali is by far the most widely spoken language in the country, with around 98% of the population using it as their primary means of communication. English is also commonly used but is not an official language.

While there is linguistic diversity in Bangladesh, Bengali holds a dominant position as both a national and official language.

The National Language of Bangladesh

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The national language of Bangladesh is Bangla, also known as Bengali. It is spoken by about 98% of the people in Bangladesh. Bengali is not only the official language of the country but also one of its 23 recognized languages.

In fact, it is the world’s seventh most widely spoken native language. This shows how important and influential Bengali is in Bangladeshi culture and society.

The Bangla language spoken | Zarrin speaking Bengali | Wikitongues

Official Language of Bangladesh

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The official language of Bangladesh is Bangla or Bengali. It is an Indo-Aryan language and is spoken by about 98% of the people in Bangladesh. During the Bengali Language Movement, there was a strong resistance against attempts to impose Urdu as the main language.

As a result, Bengali became the official language and holds great importance in Bangladeshi culture. In addition to being the official language of Bangladesh, Bengali also has honorary official language status in Sierra Leone.

The Sound of the Bengali language (UDHR, Numbers, Greetings, Words & Sample Text)

Other Languages Spoken in Bangladesh

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In addition to Bengali, there are several other languages spoken in Bangladesh. These include:

  • Chakma
  • Marma
  • Santali
  • Manipuri

Essential Facts About Bengali Dialects

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Bengali, the official language of Bangladesh, has a wide range of different dialects. These dialects vary in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar depending on the region where they are spoken.

Different parts of Bangladesh have their own distinct variations of Bengali. In addition to being the official language of Bangladesh, Bengali is also spoken in some Indian states like West Bengal, Tripura, and Assam.

So if you travel around these regions, you might notice differences in how people speak Bengali. It’s fascinating to see how a single language can have various forms and expressions based on where it’s spoken.

Dialects of Bengali

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Bengali, the official language of Bangladesh, has various dialects. Here are some important dialects of Bengali:

  • Rarh: Spoken in Western Bangladesh and West Bengal, India.
  • Khulna: Spoken in the southern part of Bangladesh.
  • Sylheti: Spoken in the Sylhet region of Bangladesh and parts of Northeast India.
  • Chittagonian: Spoken in the Chittagong region of Bangladesh.

Importance of Language in Bangladeshi Culture

A vibrant bookshelf filled with Bengali literature surrounded by traditional Bangladeshi elements and diverse people.

Language holds immense importance in Bangladeshi culture. Bengali, as the official and national language of Bangladesh, plays a central role in shaping the country’s identity and heritage.

It is not just a means of communication but also serves as a symbol of pride for its people.

Bengali language has deep historical roots and cultural significance. It represents the rich literary tradition of Bangladesh, with notable poets, writers, and intellectuals contributing to its development over centuries.

By preserving their language, Bangladeshis maintain a strong connection to their history and ancestors.

Moreover, language acts as a unifying force among different communities within the country. Despite having several regional dialects across various regions of Bangladesh, Bengali remains the common thread that brings people together.

This shared linguistic identity fosters unity and helps to bridge social gaps.

Language also plays a crucial role in promoting education and academic development in Bangladesh. By imparting knowledge through the medium of Bengali, it allows students to grasp concepts effectively while maintaining their cultural roots.

Additionally, it opens doors for higher education opportunities both within the country and internationally.

In conclusion, language holds great value in Bangladeshi culture by preserving history, fostering unity among diverse communities, and enabling educational growth. The recognition and preservation of Bengali as an official language reflect its significant influence on every aspect of Bangladeshi society.

Challenges and Controversies Surrounding the Official Language

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The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali, also known as Bangla. However, there have been challenges and controversies surrounding this decision. One of the main challenges is the diversity of languages spoken in Bangladesh.

There are several indigenous languages spoken by different ethnic communities, and some argue that these languages should also be recognized as official or national languages. Another controversy revolves around the use of English as a widely spoken language among certain segments of society.

Some believe that English should be given more prominence because it facilitates international communication and provides better job opportunities. These discussions about the official language reflect the ongoing efforts to strike a balance between preserving cultural heritage and embracing global trends.


A diverse group of people celebrate cultural diversity and embrace the Bengali language.

Bengali, also known as Bangla, is the official language of Bangladesh. It is spoken by millions of people and holds great cultural and historical significance in the region. Despite some challenges and controversies, Bengali remains an essential part of Bangladeshi culture and identity.


1. What is the official language of Bangladesh?

The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali, also known as Bangla.

2. Is Bengali and Bangla the same language?

Yes, Bengali and Bangla refer to the same language spoken in Bangladesh.

3. Can people in Bangladesh speak languages other than Bengali?

While Bengali is the primary language spoken in Bangladesh, some people may also speak other languages like English or regional dialects.

4. Why is Bengali chosen as the official language of Bangladesh?

Bengali was chosen as the official language of Bangladesh because it is widely spoken by a majority of its population and has deep historical and cultural significance for the country.

5. Are there any efforts to preserve and promote Bengali/Bangla culture and literature in Bangladesh?

Yes, there are various initiatives taken by the government and organizations to preserve and promote Bengali culture and literature through education, media, festivals, publications, etc., ensuring its rich heritage continues to thrive.

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