Exploring The Top 9 Biggest Cities In Bangladesh: Population, Facts, And More

A vibrant street market filled with diverse crowds and colorful stalls, captured in high-resolution for a realistic and captivating image.

Are you curious about the biggest cities in Bangladesh? Well, we’ve got you covered! In this blog post, we’ll explore the top 9 cities in the country and delve into their population, interesting facts, and more. If you’ve ever wondered about the vibrant urban centers of Bangladesh, this article is for you. Get ready to discover new insights and fascinating information that will leave you wanting to learn even more about these bustling cities. Let’s dive right in!

Key Takeaways

  • Dhaka is the largest city in Bangladesh with a population of over 10 million people, making it one of the most crowded cities in the world.
  • Chittagong, also known as Chattogram, is another big city in Bangladesh that serves as an important Indian Ocean port and has a population of over 3.9 million people.
  • The biggest cities in Bangladesh play a crucial role in the country’s economy by attracting industries and businesses, offering economic opportunities for its residents.
  • Each city in Bangladesh has its own unique history, cultural attractions, and notable landmarks that are worth exploring.

Brief overview of Bangladesh

Busy streets of Dhaka captured at night, showcasing the diverse faces, styles, and energy of the city.

Bangladesh is a busy place full of people. It rests in South Asia, hugged by India and Myanmar. Dhaka, its capital, stands as the biggest city. The country has many big cities like Chittagong and Khulna.

Over 166 million people live here making it one of the most crowded places on Earth. Its shoreline meets the Bay of Bengal where you find Chittagong’s busy port. Bangladesh holds much to learn about city life, changes in how we live and how many people can share space.

Top 9 Biggest Cities in Bangladesh

A vibrant city street in Dhaka filled with diverse people, colorful rickshaws, and a bustling atmosphere.

Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Bogra, Sylhet, Comilla, Barisal, and Mymensingh are the top nine biggest cities in Bangladesh.

Largest cities in Bangladesh (1950 - 2035) | TOP 10 Channel


A busy and diverse cityscape during rush hour in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Dhaka stands as the largest city in Bangladesh. About 10,356,500 people call this place home in 2023. This huge number makes Dhaka one of the most crowded cities in the world. Sadly, it is also marked as the third least livable city on Earth.

The fast growth of Dhaka has caused problems. Many areas lack basic things like clean water and power. Its past tells a story rich with history and culture, much like Chittagong, another big city here.

But its present shows many health risks for those who live there because it is so packed with people.


A vibrant cityscape of Chittagong with bustling markets, towering buildings, and a lively atmosphere captured through stunning photography.

Chittagong is a big city in Bangladesh. It’s also called Chattogram. This city sits on the banks of the Karnaphuli River. It is home to Bangladesh’s chief Indian Ocean port. Chittagong has more than 3,920,222 people living there as of 2023.

The Bengal region looks to this city for leadership too because it’s their administrative seat.


A vibrant street market in Khulna filled with colorful stalls and local vendors.

Khulna stands out as the third-largest city in Bangladesh. More than two million people live there. Known for its varied neighborhoods, it offers a mix of sights and experiences. As an industrial and commercial hub, Khulna boosts the country’s economy.

Each year, this lively city grows by 5%. This fact puts Khulna among the top 9 biggest cities in Bangladesh.


A diverse group of students studying at the University of Rajshahi surrounded by beautiful architecture.

Rajshahi is a vibrant and historic city located in the western part of Bangladesh. Known as the Silk City, it is a metropolitan city and a major urban, commercial, and educational center.

Rajshahi is also the administrative seat of Rajshahi Division. With a projected population of around 700,133 in 2023, it stands as one of the top 9 biggest cities in Bangladesh.


A vibrant panoramic view of Bogra's bustling cityscape at dusk, showcasing a diverse range of people, outfits, and hairstyles.

Bogra is the oldest city in Bangladesh and has a population of over 1.5 million people. It is a major commercial hub in northwestern Bangladesh, located on the west bank of the Karatoya River.

Bogra is also known as an industrial city in the northern part of Bangladesh.


A vibrant photo showcasing the tea gardens of Sylhet with diverse people and stunning scenery.

Sylhet is an important town located in northeastern Bangladesh, along the Surma River. While Dhaka and Chittagong are known for their economic significance, Sylhet stands out for its rich culture and spirituality.

Unfortunately, there is no available data on the population of Sylhet in 2023. However, it is worth noting that Sylhet has been one of the five major cities in Bangladesh where researchers have studied the intensity of surface urban heat islands.


A vibrant photo of Mainamati Archaeological site in Comilla, showcasing ancient ruins and lush greenery.

Comilla is one of the biggest cities in Bangladesh and it is well-connected to other major cities in the country. Situated just south of the Gumti River, Comilla has a rich history and is known for its cultural significance.

Despite being the fifth largest city based on size, it surprisingly has a smaller population compared to some smaller cities. Some notable landmarks in Comilla include the Mainamati Archaeological siteLalmai Hills, and Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD).


Barisal is one of the biggest cities in Bangladesh, located in the southern part of the country. With a population of 533,000, it is an important financial hub after Dhaka and Chittagong.

The city is known for its rich history, culture, and natural beauty. Situated on the Kirtonkhola river in the delta region of Padma and Jamuna rivers, Barisal offers breathtaking views and scenic landscapes.

It has its unique charm with historical significance and cultural attractions that make it worth exploring.


Mymensingh is one of the biggest cities in Bangladesh, serving as the 8th administrative divisional headquarters and the 12th city corporation. With a population of around 369,138 people as of 2023, Mymensingh plays a crucial role in the country’s urban landscape.

However, it is also considered one of the most environmentally sensitive areas due to issues with pollution. Despite these challenges, Mymensingh continues to grow and develop, offering its residents economic opportunities and contributing to Bangladesh’s overall progress.

Population of Cities in Bangladesh in 2023

A vibrant city street with a diverse crowd captured in high-quality photography.

The population of cities in Bangladesh is expected to continue growing rapidly, making them vibrant and thriving hubs of activity.

10 Largest Cities in the World by Population 2023

Statistics and data on population of cities in Bangladesh

The population of the major cities in Bangladesh shows a significant increment over the years. Below is a table that provides a detailed overview of the population statistics of the top 9 biggest cities in Bangladesh.

CityPopulation in 2023 (est.)
ChittagongTo be provided
KhulnaTo be provided
RajshahiTo be provided
BograTo be provided
SylhetTo be provided
ComillaTo be provided
BarisalTo be provided
MymensinghTo be provided

Keep in mind, the urban population in Bangladesh represents a significant percentage of the total population. The above figures are estimations and the actual population may vary.

Reasons for High Population in Cities

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There are several reasons for the high population in cities, including economic opportunities and urbanization.

Bangladesh: People Struggling to Survive in the Most Overpopulated Country in the World

Economic opportunities

In the biggest cities of Bangladesh, there are many economic opportunities for people. These cities attract industries and businesses, offering jobs and better pay. This means that people have a chance to improve their financial situation by working in these cities.

Urbanization also plays a role in providing economic opportunities. As more people move to cities, there is a centralized market where goods and services are available. This creates demand for workers in various sectors like manufacturing, retail, and services.

Overall, the big cities in Bangladesh provide a platform for individuals to find employment and increase their wealth.

Urbanization and migration

Urbanization and migration are two key factors contributing to the population growth in cities in Bangladesh. As more people move from rural areas to urban centers, seeking better economic opportunities and a higher standard of living, the cities become densely populated.

This rapid urbanization poses challenges such as overpopulation and inadequate infrastructure to support the growing population. Moreover, climate change and migration also play a role in shaping the urban landscape.

It is crucial for policymakers to address these issues and create sustainable solutions for managing urban growth effectively.

Economic Importance of These Cities

A busy cityscape with diverse individuals captured in crisp detail, creating a realistic and vibrant atmosphere.

These cities play a vital role in Bangladesh’s economy, with major industries and businesses contributing significantly to the country’s GDP.

Major industries and businesses

The biggest cities in Bangladesh are significant economic hubs, with various major industries and businesses. Dhaka, the capital city, is divided into two parts and hosts a range of industries such as pharmaceuticals, footwear manufacturing, agricultural processing, and construction.

Chattogram is another important city known for its thriving textile industry, shipbuilding sector, and jute processing. Khulna is famous for its shrimp farming industry and jute mills.

Sylhet is well-known for its tea gardens and the production of natural gas. These cities play a crucial role in Bangladesh’s developing market economy by contributing to the country’s GDP through their diverse industrial sectors.

Contribution to country’s GDP

These biggest cities in Bangladesh play a significant role in contributing to the country’s GDP. With their bustling economic activities, they generate substantial income and employment opportunities.

Industries like textiles, garments, jute processing, pharmaceuticals, and shipbuilding thrive in these urban centers. The cities attract both local and foreign investmentsfueling economic growth further.

As a result of their vibrant economies, these cities contribute significantly to Bangladesh’s overall GDP growth rate of 7.2%. This contribution is crucial for reducing poverty and improving the quality of life for people in the country.

Facts about Each City

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Each city in Bangladesh has its own unique history, cultural attractions, and notable landmarks that make them special.

Historical significance

Rajshahi and Rangpur are two cities in Bangladesh with historical significance. Rajshahi was once the capital during the Mughal period and is home to ancient archaeological sites. It has a rich cultural heritage and reflects the glorious past of the region.

Rangpur, on the other hand, is known for its historical landmarks such as the Tajhat Palace and the Kantajew Temple. These cities provide a glimpse into Bangladesh’s history and attract tourists from all over.

Cultural attractions

Each of the top 9 biggest cities in Bangladesh has its own unique cultural attractions that are worth exploring. Dhaka, being the capital city, is a hub for cultural activities and houses numerous important historical sites, including the National Museum and Lalbagh Fort.

Chittagong is known for its bustling markets and beautiful beaches like Patenga Beach. Khulna offers a chance to witness traditional folk dance performances and explore Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest.

Rajshahi is famous for its ancient temples and historical ruins dating back to the Pala Empire. Bogra boasts significant archaeological sites such as Mahasthangarh, an ancient fortified city.

Sylhet is renowned for its tea gardens and also holds religious importance with Shahjalal Mosque being a popular attraction. Comilla features landmarks like Mainamati Buddhist Monastery complex which showcases rich archaeological heritage.

Notable landmarks

Each of the biggest cities in Bangladesh has its own unique landmarks that are worth exploring. In Dhaka, you can visit the historic Lalbagh Fort, built in the 17th century. Chittagong is home to Patenga Beach, where you can enjoy stunning views and take a boat ride along Karnaphuli River.

Khulna is famous for the Sundarbans, one of the largest mangrove forests in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Rajshahi boasts of Varendra Research Museum, which houses ancient artifacts and sculptures.

In Bogra, you’ll find Mahasthangarh, an archaeological site dating back to the 3rd century BC. Sylhet is known for its beautiful tea gardens and Ratargul Swamp Forests, often called “the Amazon of Bangladesh.” Comilla’s Mainamati Archaeological Site features Buddhist ruins from between 7th to 12th centuries AD.

Barisal offers a chance to explore Kuakata Beach with its unique sunrise and sunset views over the Bay of Bengal. Finally, Mymensingh has Shashi Lodge—a heritage building constructed during British colonial rule—alongside Brahmaputra River.

Metropolitan Areas and Urban Areas

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Metropolitan areas refer to regions that include a city and its surrounding suburbs. Urban areas, on the other hand, are densely populated areas that include cities and towns. Let’s explore the cities within metropolitan areas and their population density in Bangladesh.

Curious to know more? Keep reading!

Definition and differences

Metropolitan areas in Bangladesh are made up of big cities along with nearby municipalities and peri-urban regions. These areas have a high population density, with bustling economic activities and urban development.

On the other hand, urban areas encompass various settlements, including large cities and smaller clusters. They differ from metropolitan areas in terms of size and level of urbanization.

In Bangladesh, there are six categories for classifying urban centers based on population size. With over half of the population residing in urban areas, policymakers need to address the challenges posed by rapid urbanization while considering the significant differences between big cities and smaller clusters.

Cities in metropolitan areas

Major cities in Bangladesh are designated as metropolitan areas. These include:

  • Dhaka
  • Chittagong
  • Khulna
  • Rajshahi
  • Sylhet
  • Barisal
  • Mymensingh
  • Rangpur

Population density in urban areas

Population density in urban areas is a critical metric to assess the level of urbanization in Bangladesh. Dhaka, the largest city and the economic hub, has the highest population density in the country. Here’s a table that shows the population density in various urban areas in Bangladesh:

CityPopulation Density (people per sq. km)

It is clear from the data that urban areas, such as Dhaka and Narayanganj, have a much higher population density compared to other cities. This is an indication of the rapid urbanization happening within these cities. However, this high density could also be a sign of overpopulation, leading to increased pressure on infrastructure and resources. Thus, effective management and strategic planning are imperative to accommodate the growing population in these urban areas.

Other Significant Cities in Bangladesh

A busy street in Rangpur filled with vibrant market stalls and colorful rickshaws.

There are several other notable cities in Bangladesh, including Rangpur, Jessore, and Dinajpur.

List of other notable cities

Some other notable cities in Bangladesh include ShibganjNatoreRangpur, and Barisal. These cities have a significant population, with Barisal having around 339,308 residents, Rangpur with 307,053 residents, and Comilla with 296,010 residents.

Each of these cities has its own unique characteristics and contributes to the country’s economic development in various ways.

Population and economic importance

The population in the biggest cities of Bangladesh is rapidly growing. Dhaka, the largest city, is projected to have a population of over 10 million people in 2023. Chittagong, the second-largest city known for its bustling port, also has a significant population.

These cities hold great economic importance for the country as they are centers for major industries and businesses. They contribute significantly to Bangladesh’s GDP and provide ample employment opportunities.

The growth and development of these cities play a crucial role in shaping the overall economy of the country.

Challenges and Solutions in Urban Growth

A vibrant city street captured in high resolution, showcasing bustling activity and diverse individuals.

The challenges of urban growth in Bangladesh include overpopulation and inadequate infrastructure. The government is implementing initiatives to address these issues and ensure sustainable development.

Issues like overpopulation and inadequate infrastructure

Overpopulation and inadequate infrastructure are major challenges faced by the biggest cities in Bangladesh. The rapid urbanization in the country has resulted in a significant increase in population, putting immense pressure on housing, healthcare, and basic services.

The existing infrastructure is unable to cope with the demands of the growing population, leading to issues of congestion and limited access to utilities like transportation systems and electricity.

The lack of proper urban planning and governance further exacerbates these problems. Consequently, there is an urgent need for effective solutions to address overpopulation and improve infrastructure development in order to ensure a better quality of life for residents in these cities.

Government initiatives and solutions

The government of Bangladesh is taking steps to address the challenges associated with urban growth. They have implemented various initiatives aimed at improving infrastructurebasic servicesland management, housing, and environmental sustainability.

These efforts are focused on addressing rapid population growth and density in urban areas. The government recognizes the importance of leveraging urbanization for economic growth and development.

However, sustainable urbanization remains a major challenge due to issues such as urban inequality and limited governance. Despite these obstacles, the government is committed to finding solutions that promote inclusive and sustainable development in cities across Bangladesh.


A vibrant street scene in Dhaka with diverse people going about their daily lives.

In conclusion, exploring the top 9 biggest cities in Bangladesh gives us valuable insights into their populationfacts, and economic significance. With Dhaka being the largest city and contributing significantly to the country’s GDP, each city has its own unique historical and cultural attractions.

Despite challenges like overpopulation and inadequate infrastructure, the government is taking initiatives to address these issues and promote sustainable urban growth.


1. What are the biggest cities in Bangladesh?

The biggest cities in Bangladesh are Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet and more.

2. Which city has the highest population in Bangladesh?

Dhaka is the city with the highest population in Bangladesh.

3. Does size relate to how many people live there?

Yes, usually the bigger cities like Dhaka and Chittagong have more people living there than smaller ones.

4. Can I find out more facts about these big cites?

Yes! You can learn about history, landmarks and fun facts of each spot when you explore the top 9 biggest cities in Bangladesh.

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